By Lateef Mungin, CNN
(CNN) — The hunt for the men is over. The hunt for the motive is just beginning.
As 19-year-old Dzhokar Tsarnaev remained in serious condition in a heavily guarded Boston-area hospital room early Saturday morning, talk turned to what’s next for the accused Boston Marathon bomber.
President Barack Obama let it be known that he’s keenly interested in answers.
“There are still many unanswered questions,” Obama said. “Why did these young men who grew up and studied here as part of our communities and our country resort to such violence? How did they plan and carry out these attacks? And did they receive any help? The families of those killed so senselessly deserve answers.”
Tsarnaev and his older brother, Tsarnaev, were accused of setting off bombs at the marathon Monday, killing left three people and leaving more than 170 injured.
On Thursday night, they allegedly killed another officer before the older brother was killed in a shootout with police.
Tsarnaev was captured alive Friday night after he was found hiding in a boat in a Watertown, Massachusetts, backyard.
Suspect could be in court this weekend
If he is physically able, Tsarnaev could be in a courtroom for an arraignment as early as Saturday.
“In normal circumstances, someone arrested on Friday night would not be arraigned until Monday morning but because of the extraordinary circumstance here he may be arrainged on (Saturday),” said CNN senior legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin.
Ordinarily at an arraignment, the suspect is provided a lawyer, and the two sides — the defense and the prosecution — try to make a case to release him on bail.
“He will not get bail obviously,” Toobin said, referring to Tsarnaev. “They will set a preliminary hearing that could happen in the next 30 days. He will be indicted with the grand jury. And that’s when the case will begin.”
Should bomber suspect get a lawyer?
For now, the government is invoking the public safety exception, a designation that allows investigators to question Tsarnaev, without reading him his Miranda rights, a Justice Department official told CNN on condition of anonymity.
In ordinary cases, a suspect is told by police he has the right to remain silent and he has the right to a lawyer.
But this is not an ordinary case, say Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham.
They urged that Tsarnaev be held as an enemy combatant, a designation that allows a suspect to be questioned without a lawyer and without being Mirandized.
“Now that the suspect is in custody, the last thing we should want is for him to remain silent. It is absolutely vital the suspect be questioned for intelligence gathering purposes,” the senators said. “Under the Law of War we can hold this suspect as a potential enemy combatant not entitled to Miranda warnings or the appointment of counsel.”
Alan Dershowitz, a prominent defense attorney and Harvard Law Professor, scoffed at the senators’ statement.
“Impossible. There’s no way an American citizen committing a domestic crime in the city of Boston could be tried as an enemy combatant,” he said. “It could never happen. And that shows absolute ignorance of the law.”
Federal or state trial?
Tsarnaev has yet to be officially charged. The charges will determine whether his will be a state or a federal trial.
Dershowitz said there are many arguments that can be made to try the case in state court. It may be hard for a prosecutor to prove which crimes were committed by Tsarnaev or his older brother, Dershowitz said.
“If he says my intent was to please my brother, they could raise the question of federal jurisdiction,” said Dershowitz.
This fight over federal or state jurisdiction could mean life of death.
Massachusetts does not have the death penalty.
There’s another big question mark: The National Defense Authorization Act of 2012 requires mandatory temporary military custody of certain terror suspects.
But Tsarnaev is a U.S. citizen. And the act doesn’t apply to Americans.