World Cup: FIFA’s 48-team expansion plan explained

A sign of the FIFA is seen at the entrance of the world football's governing body headquarters on October 13, 2016 in Zurich. / AFP / FABRICE COFFRINI        (Photo credit should read FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)

A sign of the FIFA is seen at the entrance of the world football's governing body headquarters on October 13, 2016 in Zurich. / AFP / FABRICE COFFRINI (Photo credit should read FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)

If the president of FIFA gets his way, one of the world’s biggest sporting festivals is set for a major facelift.

Gianni Infantino, head of soccer’s world governing body, has devised a plan to expand the World Cup to include 48 nations rather than the existing 32.

The Italian, who took over from disgraced former President Sepp Blatter in February last year, will put his proposal to FIFA’s council on Tuesday.

But what does the plan entail, and what could it mean for one of the most watched sporting events on earth?

CNN Sport takes a look at the detail.

What’s the big idea?

Essentially, Infantino is keen to spread the love.

He wants the World Cup to be more “inclusive” and add 16 nations to the fun. That would transform the tournament from a 32-team competition to a 48-team version.

Originally, he envisaged a playoff round with the 16 winners going through to the main group stage and the losers going home after just one match.

But after a tweak to the plan FIFA now favors 16 groups of three teams, with the top two progressing to a last-32 knockout stage.

READ: Ronaldo wins FIFA best player award

What happens currently?

Since 1998, when the World Cup expanded to accommodate 32 teams, the format has stayed the same.

There are eight groups of four teams, who all play each other once, with the top two progressing to the last 16. From there, it is a straight knockout format.

The last tournament, held in Brazil in 2014 and won by Germany, lasted just over a month. Any expanded tournament would almost certainly take longer.

Any other options on the table?

Expansion to 48 teams is Infantino’s preferred option but there are alternatives.

His original blueprint, which included a playoff round to eliminate 16 teams before the group stage, will also be discussed.

Another option is to increase the tournament to 40 teams — as Infantino laid out in his pre-election campaign manifesto — with either 10 groups of four or eight groups of five all vying for places in the knockout rounds.

The fourth option is to keep the World Cup as it is.

When will it be decided?

The proposal will be discussed by FIFA’s Council at Tuesday’s meeting in Zurich and a decision will be made then.

The council consists of 37 members, including the president, eight vice-presidents and 28 members elected by the national associations.

Infantino has insisted the decision should be taken in the interests of developing football around the globe and should not be financially driven.

That said, a World Cup with 48 teams is anticipated to generate close to $1 billion in extra revenue, FIFA estimates.

Whatever changes, if any, that are voted through are unlikely to take effect before the World Cup in 2026.

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Who is for and who is against?

Infantino said last month at a conference in Dubai that soccer federations around the world were “overwhelmingly in favor” of his proposals and those fringe countries who could benefit will surely be supportive.

And FIFA’s bid to expand the competition got a boost when Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho said he was “totally in favor” of the idea.

The Portuguese, who has won titles in Portugal, England, Spain and Italy, says as a club manager, the fact there wouldn’t be an increase in matches or a reduction in recovery time either side of the competition for players, is a big plus.

“The expansion means that the World Cup will be even more of an incredible social event. More countries, more investment in different countries in infrastructure, in youth football,” he told FIFA’s website.

There are some high-profile critics, though. Germany coach Joachim Low said he understood the eagerness from smaller nations but claimed the quality of football could suffer in the long run.

And last month, the organization that represents the biggest clubs in Europe registered its opposition to a 48-team World Cup.

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The European Club Association has written to FIFA urging it to reconsider, saying the number of games played throughout the year is already at an “unacceptable” level.